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Archive for May 4th, 2012

Tips to Care for Fresh Cut Roses

Friday, May 4th, 2012

They are a good cut flower because the stems are straight, strong and sturdy. The flowers last in water for up to a week and the blossoms stay open. While they need no special treatment, unlike say poppies which need their stems seared with heat, they will last longer and stay fresher with a little extra effort.

Cutting
Cut the roses with a sharp knife or pair of pruners right above a pair of five leaved stems. This will encourage the bush to send out another flowering cane. Cut first thing in the morning when the flowers are fresh and full of moisture. Choose buds which are partially open or roses that are completely open. Buds that are tight but showing color may or may not open fully when cut. Place immediately in a bucket of water you carry with you while you’re cutting the roses.

Preparation
Preparing the roses makes them last longer. Remove leaves that will be below the water line when in a vase. Remove diseased or torn leaves as well. If a petal is creased or damaged take it off the rose. Tight buds won’t open and take energy and water away from the rose flower itself so take those off as well.

Conditioning
Even if you’ve just cut the roses from your garden they’ll still benefit from conditioning. Cut the stems at a 45 degree angle. This broadens the stems surface so it can draw in more water. If possible do this under running water or in a sink of water so no air enters the stem. Use sharp scissors, a knife or pruners. The cut should not crush the stem. Place the rose after it’s been cut in a bucket of ice water for an hour. The ice water should come up to the level of the first leaves left on the stem. Keep the roses in the ice water until you’re ready to arrange them. Make sharp cuts if you need to shorten the rose stem for an arrangement.

Maintenance
Remove the roses from the vase every day. Rinse the stems off. Fill the vase with fresh ice water and replace the roses. If the roses are in floral foam, fill the sink with water and submerge the container of floral foam in the sink for 15 minutes to re soak the foam. If a rose is wilting, cut the stem and put into very hot water. This sometimes shocks the rose back to life. Every other day recut the stems of the roses by 1/2 inch to expose fresh stem cells to the water. In an arrangement this isn’t possible, because you would have to take the rose out of the floral foam, cut the stem and reinsert it. When you lifted the stem out that created an air pocket.